March 19, the cargo that is turkish “Lyra” knocked away a column for the connection under construction between mainland Russia together with Crimean Peninsula. The time before construction had been examined by President Vladimir Putin. “Arkady, come here, don’t hide. The head of state called to frame a group photo on the background of the Straits of his old friend businessman Arkady Rotenberg if anything, asking will be with you” — with these words. Their business “stroygazmontazh” (SGM), before any reference to the construction of bridges would not have, without competition has gotten an agreement to construct essential for the country crossing.
That is to be blamed for the accident, the research shall show. But an eyewitness into the collision, the captain of this Kerch ferry “Victory” Oleg Semenyuk claims that the connection supports into the period of the accident are not highlighted. The agent of SGM stated RBC that on aids in line with the rules of illumination really should not be, however the working bridge structure that is(temporary, including for the distribution to build materials towards the construction web web site) at the time of the accident had been marked with alert lights and fences-buoys.
Whom and just how dependable builds bridges in Russia and are also there an adequate amount of these crossings when it comes to country that is largest in the field — the research of RBC.
Exactly how many bridges that are russian just just what condition are they in?
“We want to offer when you look at the complete feeling of transportation connectivity, the unity of this whole Russian territory,” Putin stated within the message into the Federal Assembly in December 2012. The President made an error in terminology: the street builders have the concept of “connectedness”, and also the country that is largest on earth utilizing the “connectedness” there was a challenge.
Into the report associated with Institute for transportation Economics and transportation policy studies compares the dwelling regarding the road community in numerous nations: Canada, Asia, Germany, USA — a neat grid, transportation connections founded between all the States, provinces, lands, Russia — radial framework, all roadways have a tendency to Moscow, where he hit a traffic jam from the ring road, to fix the issue just began to reconstruct the Central ring road (Central ring road in Moscow). The current scheme of this road very nearly coincides using the animal energy community of roadways associated with Russian Empire, jokes the Director associated with Institute Mikhail Blinkin.
More difficulty compared to road, is A russian bridges.
In accordance with Rosstat during the end of 2014 (the newest available), in Russia there have been 42 thousand of bridges and overpasses — just 200 devices significantly more than in 2000. The length of the structures for the reason that time is continuing to grow from 1.5 million linear legs to 2.1 million simply the amount of roadways into the exact same duration increased by 70% (mostly, but, due to the inclusion into the data of regional roadways, which previously would not make it). Only by 2009, the Minister that is former of Igor Levitin has promised the President in order to complete all of the bridges, were only available in Soviet times.
Russia lags behind within the true quantity of railway bridges. Regarding the Railways RZD — 30,5 thousand of bridges and overpasses by having a total amount of 993 thousand linear meters — almost the exact same in volume and halved in total than on the roadways in Russia. In the usa from the railroads — 100 thousand bridges.
42 thousand bridges, or 72.5 thousand train — great deal or only a little for the nation, from the territory of which moves 2.8 million streams? Through US flows 250 thousand streams, and bridges on it — 600 thousand along with train.
Formal data of not enough bridges will not occur in Russia, but indirectly this can be judged by two indicators. First, the quantity of permanent crossings — summer and winter. 257 3.5 thousand summer time and cold weather crossings is an extremely high indicator also for such a sizable country (information for the end of 2014; for contrast, in america, according towards the 2010 census, 485 ferry terminals).
Secondly, in regards to the not enough latin brides ukraine bridges may be judged with regards to of transport detour — the difference between the length between points the and B on a lawn and through the atmosphere. The re-run is 70-80% against 20-25% in Western Metropolitan areas, stated the Deputy head of this specialist center Probok.net for instance, in Moscow Andrey mukhortikov. In Russia, adds Blinkin, no town having an index much better than 50%. As an example, to have through the local center regarding the Arkhangelsk area to your primary destinations regarding the region — Solovetsky Islands (or in other words, the nearest settlement on the land — the town of Solovki) — it is crucial to push the car for about 1.2 thousand km detour through the Republic of Karelia, given that crow flies there was 240 kilometer (information for general public service “Yandex”).
The head of the Department of industry and trade of Bashkiria Iskander Makhmudov recalls the following story: bought by the state in 2014 Japanese tomograph went to the clinic six months, during which not only changed the exchange rate, but also dried up coolant in the unit about the Russian re-run.
Every bridge that is ninth Russia — wood. In the last 15 years, their total size had been paid off by about 30%. A lot of them in Khabarovsk Krai — 706, or higher 60% of this total. Into the Arkhangelsk area 66% of most bridges are wood, in Zabaykalsky Krai — 624 bridge that is wooden very nearly half, into the Irkutsk area — 569, significantly more than 40%.
Nonetheless, wooden bridges aren’t so very bad: in a few areas it really is low priced and possibly the only replacement of reinforced tangible bridges, which, most probably, there won’t ever be built. Where’s the essential major bridges in Russia?
The share of Federal roads (entail bridges), appropriate regulatory needs, in 2015 was just a tad bit more than 60%, in accordance with the latest data regarding the Federal road Agency. The quality of roads 123 takes place from 140 and is located between Sierra Leone and Benin as stated in the conclusions of the international ranking Global Competitiveness Report of the world economic forum, Russia.
You can find data and for specific bridges. State only 20% of bridges in Russia into the very early 2000s, the Ministry of transportation with its “concept of enhancing the condition of bridge structures” was examined as “good”. Another 18% of bridges for the reason that right time was at bad condition, the risk had been 1% of this facilities — a bit more than 400. Now the Federal state statistics solution reports on significantly more than 500 bridges in Russia, travel by that will be insecure, just since 2013, their quantity increased by almost one hundred (even though concept that is same you published to your transportation Ministry, by 2005, the “deficient” bridges in Russia must not stay at all).
The MOE since 1995, this has recorded 26 instances of collapsing road bridges (mostly as a result of collisions of vehicles with bridge structures).
Just in 2016 and only in Primorye collapsed four bridges. One of these, which will be regional to collapse scrawled “Obama — sucker”, has linked Vladivostok and Nakhodka.
That is in charge of Russian bridges?
Kind of ownership of category of bridges as a whole coincide with roadways — you will find bridges of Federal importance, local and municipal. Federal road Agency of transportation Ministry (Rosavtodor) manages roughly 5 thousand of bridges, local or municipal authorities — 34 thousand bridges and personal owners within the Moscow area Shchelkovo town connection through Klyazma river in 2001 ended up being offered into the owner of this local marketplace for 700 thousand rubles., and today is in disrepair and never operating. It is possible to privatize former bridge that is departmental make driving through it pay-as Irkutsk. Finally, you can find orphan bridges — when audited when you look at the Crimea, discovered 10% of bridges which are not sitting on someone’s stability sheet, dilapidated and abandoned. Various other areas of the united states examples that are such additionally lacking.
Maintenance and construction of bridges (and roadways), predominantly into the spending plans of various amounts. From the stability sheet associated with the Federal road Agency — 50 thousand km of roads — 4% of these total size, their content in 2015, ended up being allocated 220 billion rubles, the budget for the Agency amounted to 530 billion rather than the formerly prepared RUB 574 billion rubles In 2016, the Agency’s spending plan paid off by 43 billion total on the 2 yrs the Agency has lost 87 billion roubles To areas of the 1.4 million kilometer of roadways, the full total size of local road funds in 2015 (latest available data) — 445 billion. this cash is simply 13% “regulatory demands for the maintenance and fix of this road that is regional, in accordance with the quotes of Association rador.